This 2 page handout is intended to help physicians and patients to make smart and effective decisions about the use of feeding tubes for those with late stage Alzheimer's disease. Last reviewed May 2017.

This reading list provides links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources related to elder abuse.  Topics covered include forms of elder abuse, supportive resources, screening, interventions and best practice resources. 2 pages. Last reviewed May 2017.

This assessment tool includes both French and English and was designed to raise a doctor's suspicion about elder abuse to a level at which it might be reasonable to propose a referral for further evaluation by social services and other professionals. Last reviewed May 2017.

This assessment tool includes both French and English and was designed to raise a doctor's suspicion about elder abuse to a level at which it might be reasonable to propose a referral for further evaluation by social services and other professionals.  Last reviewed May 2017.

This reading list provides links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources related to frailty and older adults.  4 pages.

Frailty renders older individuals more prone to adverse health outcomes. Little has been reported about the transitions between the different frailty states. We attempted to examine the rate of these transitions and their associated factors.

Frailty has important implications for the care needs of older adults and how those needs are met. By recognizing frailty and measuring it objectively, clinicians can better engage patients and their loved ones in difficult discussions about treatment plans and prognosis, and ultimately deliver better palliative care.

Many frail older adults are thin, weak, and undernourished; this component of frailty remains a critical concern in the geriatric field. However, there is also strong evidence that excessive adiposity contributes to frailty by reducing the ability of older adults to perform physical activities and increasing metabolic instability. This scoping review explores the impact of being obese on physical frailty in older adults by summarizing the state of the science for both clinical markers of physical function and biomarkers for potential underlying causes of obesity-related decline. 

This reading list provides links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources related to Advance Care Planning and Health Care Consent in Ontario.  2 pages..

This 2 page handout provides important information regarding ventilation supports.  While targetted towards those with ALS, the information provided can help readers understand the advantages and disadvantages associated with types of mechanical ventilation.

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