eFit for Individuals & Caregivers: Bladder & Bowel Function

The urinary tract removes waste and extra fluid in urination. Incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. Incontinence can negatively affect many parts of a person’s life such as their social interactions, sex life, work and travel.

The digestive tract breaks down food to absorb nutrients; whatever cannot be broken down, digested or absorbed is eliminated in a bowel movement. Bowel incontinence is when this elimination process is not able to be controlled and includes issues such as diarrhea, constipation and fecal impaction. Bowel incontinence can be unpleasant, uncomfortable or embarrassing.



Ageing and its effects on the bladder and bowel health ( Bowel and Bladder Health Australia ):
Website 
Am I drinking enough water: Urine Colour Chart (Government of Australia)
Chart
Assessment of older adults with continence issues ( Aging Life Care Association ):
Article 
Bladder Health for Older Adults ( National Institute on Aging ):
Website 
Bowel and bladder problems ( Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada ):
Website 
Bristol stool Scale ( Hamilton Health Services )
Scale 
Caregiver Guide: Constipation Problems: Understanding the Problem ( AGS Health in Aging Foundation ):
Article 
Caregiving Strategies Handbook – Bladder Health (Pg. 71-82) ( Provincial Geriatrics Leadership Ontario, sfCare, RGP Toronto ):
Handbook PDF
FAST FACTS – Caregivers: Bowel Management for Opioid Use ( University of Iowa Geriatric Pain ):
Article 
Interactive Learning: Pelvic Health & Continence ( The Canadian Continence Foundation ):
Website
Losing Control of your Bladder may Have Nothing to do with your Age ( sfCare/RGP Toronto )
Handout PDF
Patient Role: Diagnosing Urinary and Fecal Incontinence ( The Canadian Continence Foundation ):
Website
Support for Caregivers of Older Adults: Urinary Incontinence ( Alberta Caregiver College ):
Website 
The Men’s Room: Prostate Health & BPH ( The Canadian Continence Foundation ):
Website 
The Source: Your Guide to Better Bladder Control (2018) (Canadian Continence Foundation)
Guide
Your Guide to: Managing Constipation ( Providence Care ):
Handout PDF
Your Guide to: Managing Fluid Intake ( Providence Care ):
Handout PDF
Your Guide to: Managing Postural Hypotension ( Providence Care ):
Handout PDF 
When Nature calls too often: solving elder bladder and bowel incontinence problems ( ElderCare Link ):
Article