eFit – HCP: Dementia
Dementia is an overall term for symptoms caused by disorders affecting the brain. Symptoms may include memory loss, difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language, changes in mood or behaviour severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform everyday activities. Dementia is progressive as symptoms get worse due to damaged brain cells that eventually die.
Dementia is not a specific disease. Many diseases can cause dementia, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, vascular dementia (due to strokes), Lewy Body Dementia, fronto-temporal dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease. These conditions can have similar and overlapping symptoms. Vitamin deficiencies, thyroid disease, sleep disorders, or mental illness can produce symptoms like dementia. (1)
Ascertain Dementia 8-Item Informant Questionnaire:
Alberta Health Services Wandering Risk Assessment:
Clock Drawing Test:
Link (Instructions included)
Best Practice Guideline for Accommodating and Managing Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Residential Care (British Columbia Ministry of Health):
Dementia: Assessment, Management, and Support for People Living with Dementia and their Carers (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence):
Guidelines for Care: Person-centered Care of People with Dementia Living in Care Homes (Alzheimer Society):
Behavioural Symptoms of Dementia: Care for Patients in Hospitals and Residents in Long-Term Care Homes (Health Quality Ontario):
Dementia Care for People Living in the Community (Health Quality Ontario):
How to Talk to Families About Advanced Dementia (Guide for HCPs) (Patient CareLink):
Recommendations on Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults (Canadian Medical Association Journal):
RNAO: Delirium, Dementia, and Depression in Older Adults: Assessment and Care (Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario):
The Assessment and Treatment of Mental Health Issues in Long-Term Care Homes: Focus on Mood and Behaviour (Canadian Coalition for Seniors’ Mental Health):
Caregiver Resources – Dementia (Sagelink):
Helpful home Changes for People Living with Dementia (Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation):
The Last Taboo: Sexuality, Aging & Dementia (Sagelink):
Understanding Behaviour (Alzheimer Society Canada):
This series of courses provides a foundation for understanding, recognizing, assessing and managing health care concerns in the older adult. Each Lesson includes short narrated modules that focus on these four themes.
We share aging-related courses and archived content offered by other leaders in the field of geriatric care.