eFit – HCP: Dementia

Dementia is an overall term for symptoms caused by disorders affecting the brain. Symptoms may include memory loss, difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language, changes in mood or behaviour severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform everyday activities. Dementia is progressive as symptoms get worse due to damaged brain cells that eventually die.

Dementia is not a specific disease. Many diseases can cause dementia, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, vascular dementia (due to strokes), Lewy Body Dementia, fronto-temporal dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Parkinson’s disease, and Huntington’s disease. These conditions can have similar and overlapping symptoms. Vitamin deficiencies, thyroid disease, sleep disorders, or mental illness can produce symptoms like dementia. (1)

Ascertain Dementia 8-Item Informant Questionnaire: 

Alberta Health Services Wandering Risk Assessment: 

Clock Drawing Test: 
Link (Instructions included)

Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory: 
Instructions   eForm   Print Form

Cornell Scale Depression in Dementia Screening Tool: 
Instructions   eForm   Print Form

Mini-Cog Assessment: 
Instructions   Print Form

Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines for Assessing and Managing Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) (Canadian Coalition for Senior’s Mental Health)
Best Practice Guideline for Accommodating and Managing Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Residential Care (British Columbia Ministry of Health):
Dementia: Assessment, Management, and Support for People Living with Dementia and their Carers (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence):
Guidelines for Care: Person-centered Care of People with Dementia Living in Care Homes (Alzheimer Society):
Behavioural Symptoms of Dementia: Care for Patients in Hospitals and Residents in Long-Term Care Homes (Health Quality Ontario):
Quality Standards
Dementia Care for People Living in the Community (Health Quality Ontario): 
Quality Standards
How to Talk to Families About Advanced Dementia (Guide for HCPs) (Patient CareLink):
Recommendations on Screening for Cognitive Impairment in Older Adults (Canadian Medical Association Journal):
RNAO: Delirium, Dementia, and Depression in Older Adults: Assessment and Care (Registered Nurses’ Association of Ontario):
The Assessment and Treatment of Mental Health Issues in Long-Term Care Homes: Focus on Mood and Behaviour (Canadian Coalition for Seniors’ Mental Health):

Reading List: Dementia in Older Adults
Reading List: Supporting Care Partners of Those with Dementia

Caregiver Resources – Dementia (Sagelink):
Caregiver Resources
Helpful home Changes for People Living with Dementia (Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation):
Fact Sheet
The Last Taboo: Sexuality, Aging & Dementia (Sagelink):
Understanding Behaviour (Alzheimer Society Canada):
Website Resource

View the CSAH Lesson on Dementia & Responsive Behaviours

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