This handout developed for health care professionals  outlines effective conversation flow and samples of patient-tested language. 1 page. Last reviewed March 2019.

This article provides an overview of differing definitions and legislation used related to advance care planning and goals of care across Canada.  The authors aim to provide ideas on facilitating discussions and highlight opportunities to start these conversations with patients and substitute decision makers. 9 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

In this article, the authors reviewed what was known about the skills and strategies necessary for meaningful and effective end of life conversations and the role of interdisciplinary approaches to these conversations. 8 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This American website provides a number of video examples for health care providers on how they can manage a variety of difficult conversations with patients and families. Last reviewed March 2019.

This paper reviews the literature about the importance of communication in deliverying bad news, the status of communication training, communication strategies and psychosocial interventions. 5 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

On April 1st, 2019,  Dr. Chris Frank provided this in-person/webinar presentation as he discussed communication strategies for having difficult conversations such as advance care planning, goals of care and end of life.  Learning objectives included understanding the difference between Advance Care Planning (ACP), goals of care and consent; how to incorporate ACP and goals of care discussions into regular outpatient care; using the principles to make CPR discussions easier for patients and you and incorporate Harvard Serious Illness Communication guide and other resources into your discussions. Watch the recording here.  Additional resources can be accessed by clicking read more.

On March 7th, 2019 Dr. Matt Tobin provided this in-person presentation where he provided an overview of sleep architecture, definitions of insomnia, taking a sleep history, tools for assessment as well as pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of insomnia. Watch the presentation recording here.

The authors attempted to present concise date on cannabis pharmacology related to THC and CBD including methods of administration and dosing recommendations.  9 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

The authors sought to review the benefits and adverse events of cannabinoids through a review of twenty-eight databases from inception to April 2015. 18 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This report aimed to provide comprehensive review of the then current evidence regarding the health effects of using cannabis and cannabis-derived products.  468 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

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