This reading list provides links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources on health issues related to season or climate. Resources on depression, insomnia, dry skin, environmental pollution, climate change, temperature and influenza are included. 3 pages.
This investigation sought to quantify the temporal association between population increases in seasonal influenza infections and mortality due to cardiovascular causes as well as to determine if influenza incidence indicators are predictive or cardiovascular mortality during influenza season. The researchers found that emergency department visits for adults over age 65 for influenza-like illness were associated with and predictive of cardiovascular disease mortality.
The authors evaluated the association between ambient temperature and cerebral vascular function among 432 participants ≥65 years old from the MOBILIZE Boston Study with data on cerebrovascular blood flow, cerebrovascular resistance, and cerebrovascular reactivity in the middle cerebral artery.
The authors measured the lag effects of temperature, relative humidity, atmospheric pressure and fine particulate matter on hospitalizations and deaths for heart failure in elderly diagnosed with this disease over a ten year period in Quebec. They found a drop of 10°C in the average temperature over 7 days was associated with increased risk to be hospitalized or death for heart failure in around 7% of the elderly diagnosed with this disease.
This reading list provides links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources related to falls and neurological disorders. Resources related to Parkinson's disease, Mulitple Sclerosis, Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Dementia and/or Cognitive Impairment are included. 4 pages.
This article aims to provide an overview of evidence which supports redesign of fall prevention programs for patients who have experienced a stroke. Included is a recommendation for fall risk screening and assessment that includes known stroke-specific risk factors such as hemiparesis, hemiplegia, aphasia and visual neglect or loss. Redesign should also be informed by knowledge of differences between left and right brain stroke manifestations.
Frailty is a biological syndrome that reflects a state of decreased physiological reserve and vulnerability to stressors. Upward of 20 frailty assessment tools have been developed, with most tools revolving around the core phenotypic domains of frailty—slow walking speed, weakness, inactivity, exhaustion, and shrinking—as measured by physical performance tests and questionnaires.
The factors associated with good physical and mental health are fairly similar among women and men: healthy lifestyles, income, education level, age, as well as social inclusion and participation. Nevertheless, because of various biological and social characteristics specific to women, the health problems they face in their lives may differ from those faced by men. For example, because their life expectancy is higher, women are more likely than men to develop chronic health problems that often appear with age, such as arthritis. This chapter looks at many of these differences between women and men.