Delirium Explanation

Learn about delirium in the older adult and what the caregiver can do to help. 

Confusion Assessment Method (CAM)

The Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) is a standardized evidence-based tool that enables non-psychiatrically trained clinicians to identify and recognize delirium quickly and accurately in both clinical and research settings.

Clock Drawing Test > Instructions & eForm

This fillable eForm provides instructions and an explanation for the use of the Clock Drawing Test, used as a one part of a more thorough screen of a person's cognitive function.

The Use of Restraints and Excited Delirium or Positional Asphyxia: A Review of the Safety and Guidelines

This report investigates three research questions: (1) What is the safety of restraints and/or restraining methods for people in custody or in healthcare facilities? (2) What are the evidence-based guidelines for the prevention or management of excited delirium? and (3) What are the evidence-based guidelines for the prevention or management of positional asphyxia?

Psychiatric Effects of Solitary Confinement

With older adults increased susceptibility to developing a delirium, it is important to consider the possible effects related to the use of solitary confinement in the correctional setting.

Delirium & Older Adults

This reading list provides links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources related to delirium in older adults. Topics include risk factors related to hip fracture, the HELP program, delirium at the end-of-life, delirium in dementia, non-pharmacological interventions, nutrition and frailty. 3 pages. 

The Impact of Frailty and Delirium on Mortality in Older Inpatients

This prospective cohort study explored the relationship between delirium and frailty in older inpatients to determine the impact on survival.

Association Between Frailty and Delirium in Older Adult Patients Discharged from Hospital

This study aimed to explore the relationship between delirium and frailty in older adults discharged from hospital. The investigators used a multidimensional linear regression model for analysis.

Nutritional Status and Delirium in Long-term Care Elders

The authors sought to evaluate the association between delirium and under-nutrition in elderly long-term care home residents.

Non-Pharmacological Interventions for Managing Delirium in Hospitalised Patients

This Cochrane Review aimed to determine whether non-pharmacological interventions aimed at modification of delirium risk factors can attenuate established delirium.