Lifetime Risk of Diabetes Among First Nations and non-First Nations People, 6 pages, Last reviewed December, 2018

This article describes a population-based cohort study investigating the lifetime risk of diabetes in a cohort of 70,631 First Nations persons and 7,732,214 non-First Nations peoples aged 18 years and older in Alberta, Canada. Differences were observed between genders and between geographies. The authors conclude that the observed probabilities suggest that over a quarter of all First Nations men and women will develop diabetes in their lifetime.   

This reading list includes links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources. Topics related to Indigenous Elders include:
  • dementia
  • palliative care
  • end-of-life
  • disparities and inequalities
  • successful aging
  • culturally sensitive care
  • nutrition
  • diabetes
  • cancer
  • frailty
  • LGBTQ
  • abuse and trauma

6 pages. Last reviewed November 2018.

This reading list includes links to and summaries of a variety of open source resources related to osteoporosis. Topics include:

  • the relationship between Alzheimer's Disease and osteoporosis
  • diabetes and lower bone mineral density
  • falls and fractures
  • exercise interventions
  • frailty and osteoporosis
  • osteoporosis in men
  • osteoporosis in women
  • glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
  • nutrition

5 pages. Last reviewed September 2018.

This article describes a prospective study investigating the relationship between lifestyle factors, particularly nutritional intake and the incidence of fall-related fragility fractures in postmenopausal women.  9 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

This article discusses the hormonal action of Vitamin D and its effects on bone metabolism and control of obesity and diabetes.  23 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

Diabetes-specific parameters did not predict BMD. Fracture occurrence was similar in both diabetes groups and related to lower BMD, but seems unrelated to the threshold T-score, <−2.5 SD. These results suggest that osteoporosis, and related fractures, is a clinically significant and commonly underestimated problem in diabetes patients.13 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

This article discusses a study investigating the risk of hip fractures and non-skeletal fall injuries in older men and women with and without type two diabetes. 12 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

The authors sought to assess the impact of osteoporosis on health care costs for patients with chronic disease, specifically cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, depress and diabetes mellitus in the US.  8 pages. Last reviewed August 2018.

The authors conducted a cross-sectional population-based data from community-dwelling people aged 45 years and over living in Canada to examine the impact of functional disability and social participation of physical and mental chronic conditions individually and in combination. 9 pages. Last reviewed July 2018.

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