The authors conducted a systematic review to identify relevant contextual elements, program features, implementation principles, and impacted outcomes to inform policy and practice. 49 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This report describes the evaluation of an evidence-based communication skills training for health and social care professionals. 4 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

The authors explored how discussions about life-sustaining treatment occur and examined the factors which influence physician’s communication strategies with the aim of providing novel insights into how communication can be improved. 15 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

The authors conducted a systematic review to determine the effect of structured communication tools for end-of-life decision making in contrast to usual care. 19 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

The authors conducted a narrative review of evidence regarding advance care planning and end-of-life communication. 10 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This article provides an overview of differing definitions and legislation used related to advance care planning and goals of care across Canada.  The authors aim to provide ideas on facilitating discussions and highlight opportunities to start these conversations with patients and substitute decision makers. 9 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

In this article, the authors reviewed what was known about the skills and strategies necessary for meaningful and effective end of life conversations and the role of interdisciplinary approaches to these conversations. 8 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This American website provides a number of video examples for health care providers on how they can manage a variety of difficult conversations with patients and families. Last reviewed March 2019.

This paper reviews the literature about the importance of communication in deliverying bad news, the status of communication training, communication strategies and psychosocial interventions. 5 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

The authors attempted to present concise date on cannabis pharmacology related to THC and CBD including methods of administration and dosing recommendations.  9 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

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